Publications and Reports: Hugh Govan


Publications (*academic peer reviewed) and reports

Govan, H., Lalavanua, W. and Steenbergen, DJ. In Press. Coastal Fisheries Governance in the Pacific Islands: The Evolution of Policy and the Progress of Management-at-Scale. Chapter 11 in "Implementation of the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines: A Legal and Policy Scan" Nakamura et al. Springer.

Govan, H., Alonso-Población, E., Segurado, S., Labraña-Cornejo, R., Ferreiro-Velasco, P., & Andreu-Cazenave, M. 2024 Integrating assessments of secure tenure rights and co-management for small-scale fisheries in seafood sustainability ratings systems: two new scoring methods for FishSource's sustainability assessments. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 8, 1343473.

Govan, H. 2024. Removing obstacles to co-management of West African artisanal fisheries. Policy brief. Coalition for Fair Fisheries Arrangements (CFFA), February 1, 2024.

*Jagadish, A., Freni-Sterrantino, A., He, Y., O'Garra, T., Gecchele, L., Mangubhai, S., Govan, H., Tawake, A., Vakalalabure, M.T., Mascia, M.B. and Mills, M., 2024. Scaling Indigenous-led natural resource management. Global Environmental Change, 84, p.102799.

Rules of Conduct for working with small-scale fishers and fishworkers to save our ocean: How to work with us. 2023. Actions needed to support small-scale fishers in sustaining the ocean in our Call to Action from small-scale fisheries. Co-drafter on behalf of the endorsing SSF organizations. En/Fr/Es/Pt

*Partelow, S., Schlüter, A., Ban, N.C., Govan, H. et al. 2023 Five social science intervention areas for ocean sustainability initiatives. npj Ocean Sustain 2, 24 (2023).

*Enrici, A., R. L. Gruby, M. M. Betsill, E. Le Cornu, J. E. Blackwatters, X. Basurto, H. Govan, T. Holm, S. D. Jupiter, and S. Mangubhai. 2023. Who’s setting the agenda? Philanthropic donor influence in marine conservation. Ecology and Society 28(3):2. [online] URL:

*Zanjani, L., Govan, H., Jonas, H., Karfakis, T., Mwamidi, D. M., Stewart, J., Walters, G., Dominguez, P. 2023. Territories of life as key to global environmental sustainability. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 63, 101298.

UN-PRAC 2023. Corruption below water - Improving Governance through Corruption Prevention in the Fisheries Sector of the Pacific Island Countries. United Nations Office  on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

*O’Garra, T., Mangubhai, S., Jagadish, A., Tabunakawai-Vakalalabure, M., Tawake, A., Govan, H., & M. Mills. 2023. National-level evaluation of a community-based marine management initiative. Nat Sustain.

Garcia, S.M.; Rice, J.; Link, J.; Sowman, M.; Charles, A.; Augustyn, C.J.; Penas Lado, E.; Morishita, J.; Campbell, D.; Kirkegaard, E.; Govan, H. 2023. Area-based management tools and fisheries: History, definitions, roles, typologies, tensions, synergies, trade-offs, and effectiveness. Brussels, EBCD. Gland, IUCN-CEM-FEG. Available at

Govan H., Lalavanua W. 2023. The “Pacific Way” of coastal fisheries management: Status and progress of community-based fisheries management. SPC Fisheries Newsletter #169:33–47.

*Wolff, M., Ferse, S.C., Govan, H. (eds). 2023. Challenges in Tropical Coastal Zone Management. Springer, Cham.

*Wolff, M., Ferse, S.C.A., Govan, H. 2023. Introduction. In: Wolff, M., Ferse, S.C., Govan, H. (eds) Challenges in Tropical Coastal Zone Management. Springer, Cham.

*Wolff, M., Ferse, S.C.A., Govan, H. 2023. Evaluation and Synopsis. In: Wolff, M., Ferse, S.C., Govan, H. (eds) Challenges in Tropical Coastal Zone Management. Springer, Cham.

Govan H., Lalavanua W. 2022. Status of Community-based Fisheries Management in Pacific Islands Countries and Territories: survey report. Noumea, New Caledonia: Pacific Community. 70 p.

Mallin F. and H. Govan 2022. The 30 by 30 conservation race - a dilemma for small scale fishers. The Watch. Right to Food and Nutrition Watch.

*Diedrich, S., Duce, S., Eriksson, H., Govan, H., Harohau, D., Koczberski, G., Lau, J., Mills, D. Minter, T., Steenbergen, D., Troell, M. 2022. An applied research agenda for navigating diverse livelihood challenges in rural coastal communities in the tropics. One Earth 5, Pages 1205-1215 /

*van der Ploeg J., Boso, D., Daokalia, C., Govan H. 2022. Lau lagoon at risk? Climate change as a convenient distraction in Solomon Islands. In: Baigún, C., Minotte, P. and Lamizana, B. (eds.). Wetlands and people at risk. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 978-2-8317-2218-4 (PDF), DOI:

Jupiter S. and Govan, H. 2022. Chapter 1 – Introduction. In: Nimwegen, P. van, Leverington, F.J, Jupiter, S. and Hockings, M. (eds.) 2022. Conserving our sea of islands: State of protected and conserved areas in Oceania. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. P 1-36.

Kelleher J., Muavesi M., Nimwegen P. van, Jupiter S., Govan, H. Barnes N. 2022. Chapter 3 – Law and governance. In: Nimwegen, P. van, Leverington, F.J., Jupiter, S. and Hockings, M. (eds.) 2022. Conserving our sea of islands: State of protected and conserved areas in Oceania. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. P 65-94.  

*Smallhorn‐West, P., Cohen, P.J., Phillips, M., Jupiter, S.D., Govan, H. and Pressey, R.L., 2022. Linking small‐scale fisheries comanagement to sustainable development goals. Conservation Biology.

Govan, H. 2018. Coastal Fisheries Policies: linkages between pacific islands and global policies (SSF Guidelines). FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. C1192. Apia, FAO.

*Rice, J., Friedman, K.J., Garcia, S.M., Govan, H. and Himes-Cornell, A., A Contrast of Criteria for Special Places Important for Biodiversity Outcomes. 2022. Frontiers in Marine Science, p.1034.

*Ferguson, C. E., Tuxson, T., Mangubhai, S., Jupiter, S., Govan, H. Bonito, V., Alefaio S., Anjiga, M., Booth, J., Boslogo, T., Boso, D., Brenier, A., Caginitoba A., Ciriyawa, A., Fahai’ono, J. B., Fox, M., George, A., Eriksson, H., Hughes, A., Joseph, E., Kadannged, S., Kubunavanua, E., Loni, S., Meo, S., Micheli, F., Nagombi, E., Omaro, R., Ride, A., Sapul, A., Singeo, A., Stone, K., Vakalalabure M., Tuivuna, M., , C., Vitukawalu, V.. B., & Waide, M. (2022). Local practices and production confer resilience to rural Pacific food systems during the COVID-19 pandemic. Marine Policy, 137, 104954.

*Schwarz A.M., Eriksson H., Ramofafia C., Masu R., Boso D., Govan H. 2021. Three-Decades of Research Integration—Transforming to Collaborative Aquatic Food Systems Research Partnerships in the Pacific. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems. 5. 1-15.

*Sumaila, U.R., Skerritt, D.J., Schuhbauer, A., Villasante, S., Cisneros-Montemayor, A.M., Sinan, H., Burnside, D., Abdallah, P.R., Abe, K., Addo, K.A. and Adelsheim, J., Govan, H. +286 authors. 2021. WTO must ban harmful fisheries subsidies. Science, 374(6567), pp.544-544.

Pacific Community 2021. Pacific Framework for Action on Scaling up Community-based Fisheries Management: 2021-2025. Noumea, New Caledonia: Pacific Community. 22 p. (lead drafter H. Govan).

Lalavanua, W., H. Govan and D. Steenbergen. 2021. Scaling-up community-based fisheries management in the Pacific: Key outcomes of subregional workshops. SPC Fisheries Newsletter #165 - May–August 2021.

Marre, JB, W. Lalavanua and H. Govan. 2021. National investments allocated to coastal fisheries and community-based fisheries management in the Pacific: A review of past monitoring efforts and recommendations. SPC Fisheries Newsletter #165 - May–August 2021.  

Govan, H. and M. Arju. 2021. Pacific nations are on the path of holistic ocean governance: the 30 by 30 campaign may destroy that without major changes. ICCA Consortium. Article.

Gigov, A., Tabunakawai, K., Thomas, J., Areki, F., Govan, H., and A. Tawake. 2020. Analysis and development of a replicable community managed marine area finance mechanism. Pacific Ocean Finance Program – Community Managed Marine Areas. Office of the Pacific Ocean Commissioner.

Stacey N. and Govan H. 2020. Module 8: Livelihoods. In: Barclay K., Leduc B., Mangubhai S. and Donato-Hunt C. (eds.). 2020, Pacific handbook for gender equity and social inclusion in coastal fisheries and aquaculture. Pacific Community (SPC), Noumea, New Caledonia. 28 p.

Steenbergen, D., W. Lalavanua, H. Govan, C. Vieux, and N. Andrew. 2020. Scaling-up Community-Based Fisheries Management in the Pacific region, SPC Information Brief, Pacific Community, 4 pp.  

van der Ploeg J, Jupiter S, Hughes A, Eriksson H, Boso D and Govan H. 2020. Coral reef conservation in Solomon Islands: Overcoming the policy implementation gap. Penang, Malaysia: WorldFish; Honiara, Solomon Islands: Wildlife Conservation Society and Locally Managed Marine Area network. Program Report: 2020-39.

Govan, H. and M. Arju. 2020. ‘30 by 30’ is a distraction, keep the focus on Indigenous and locally-led holistic ocean stewardship. ICCA Consortium. Article.

Govan, H. 30 by 30. Samudra Report No.83, September 2020. Pp 53-54.  

*van der Ploeg, J.; Sukulu, M.; Govan, H.; Minter, T.; Eriksson, H. 2020. Sinking Islands, Drowned Logic; Climate Change and Community-Based Adaptation Discourses in Solomon Islands. Sustainability. 12, 7225.

*Aburto, JA, C. Gaymer and H. Govan. 2020. A large-scale marine protected area for the sea of Rapa Nui: From ocean grabbing to legitimacy. Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 198, ISSN 0964-5691,

Govan, H. 2020. Preconditions for a Blue Economy. DAWN Informs, Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era, ISSN 2413-1512 | July 2020 Edition, pp 22-25.

Lee, S., H. Govan, I. Bertram and J. Kinch. 2020. A comparison of sea cucumber fishery management plans, and implications for governance in Pacific Island countries. SPC Fisheries Newsletter #161 - January–April 2020. The Pacific Community, New Caledonia. Pp 34-39. /

Chin, A and Hari, K (2020), Predicting the impacts of mining of deep sea polymetallic nodules in the Pacific Ocean: A review of Scientific literature, Deep Sea Mining Campaign and MiningWatch Canada, 52 pages (H. Govan, Research Team).

*Vierros, M.K., Harrison, A.L., Sloat, M.R., Crespo, G.O., Moore, J.W., Dunn, D.C., Ota, Y., Cisneros-Montemayor, A.M., Shillinger, G.L., Watson, T.K. and Govan, H., 2020. Considering indigenous peoples and local communities in governance of the global ocean commons. Marine Policy, 119, p.104039.  

*Karcher, DB., E. Fache, A. Breckwoldt, H. Govan, X. E. E. Ilosvay, J. Kon Kam King, L. Riera, C. Sabinot. 2020. Trends in South Pacific fisheries management. Marine Policy, Volume 118, ISSN 0308-597X,

Govan H., H. Eriksson, M. Batalofo, A. Duarte, M. Sukulu, S. Lawless, A. Tilley, and J. Van Der Ploeg. 2019. A new idea for coastal fisheries: asking the right questions to enhance coastal livelihoods. The Pacific Community, New Caledonia. 23pp.

Abuinao, W., J. Wale, H. Govan. 2019. Future Pacific Ocean managers: Scoping skills and knowledge needs. SPC Fisheries Newsletter #159 - May–August 2019. 38-44.

Song, A., H. Govan, C. Arthuer, R. Masu, M. Tauati, A. Tawake, T. Teemari, C. Whippy-Morris, G. Orirana and P. Cohen. 2019. The Pacific Ways. Samudra Report. Journal of the international collective in support of fishworkers. 81: 8-12.

*Mills M, M. Bode, R. Weeks, MB. Mascia, N. Dudley, S. Gelcich, H. Govan, C. Romero, CL. Archibald, M Holden, D. Biggs, and HP. Possingham. Accepted. The race for environmental sustainability: Extent, speed, and mechanisms of scaling among biodiversity conservation initiatives. Nature Sustainability. Vol. 2: 935–940

*Tilley, A., K.J. Hunnam, D.J. Mills, D.J. Steenbergen, H. Govan, E. Alonso-Poblacion, M. Roscher, M. Pereira, P. Rodrigues, T. Amador, A. Duarte, M. Gomes and   P. Cohen 2019. Evaluating the fit of co-management for small-scale fisheries governance in Timor-Leste. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, p.392.

Govan, H. 2019. 2018 Market price update for beche-de-mer in Melanesian countries. SPC Fisheries Newsletter #158 - January–April 2019. Pp16-20. 

Govan, H. 2019. Ocean and Climate. Background document. Commonwealth Blue Charter Action Group on Ocean and Climate Change. Commonwealth Secretariat, London.

Lee, S., F. Iro, H. Govan and I. Bertram. 2019. Towards producing a standard grade identification guide for beche-de-mer in Solomon Islands. SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin #39 – March 2019

Coastal Fisheries Working Group. 2019. A call to leaders: Most urgent actions required for sustaining or increasing the contribution of coastal fisheries to our communities. H. Govan, lead author.  SPC publications, Noumea.

*Rohe, J.R., Govan, H., Schlüter, A. and Ferse, S.C., 2019. A legal pluralism perspective on coastal fisheries governance in two Pacific Island countries. Marine Policy, 100, pp.90-97.

Govan, H. 2018. Guidance for the Development of New Ireland Provincial Fisheries Policies.  White paper for New Ireland Provincial Administration, PNG. Report commissioned by WCS, Suva, Fiji.

Lee, S., Govan, H., Wolff, M. and Purcell, S., 2018. Economic and other benefits of enforcing size limits in Melanesian sea cucumber fisheries. SPC Fisheries Newsletter #155 - January–April 2018.

*Smallhorn-West, P. and Govan, H., 2018. Towards reducing misrepresentation of national achievements in marine protected area targets. Marine Policy. 2018 Jun 7.

Govan, H. 2018. From Locally Managed Marine Areas to Indigenous and Community Conserved Oceans. University of the South Pacific (USP). School of Government, Development and International Affairs (SGDIA). Working Paper Number 3.  DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.28052.19847 

Govan H. 2018. A review of sea cucumber fisheries and management in Melanesia. SPC Fisheries Newsletter #154 - September–December 2017. Pp31-42.  DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.34763.08483

Govan, H., Hopa, D., Wapot, S., Masu, R. 2018.  Melanesian Spearhead Group of countries addresses sea cucumber fisheries management. SPC Fisheries Newsletter #154 - September–December 2017. Pp19-21.  DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.21341.31209

Johnson, J.E., H. Govan, et al. (2018) Effects of Climate Change on Fish and Shellfish Relevant to Pacific Islands, and the Coastal Fisheries they Support. Pacific Marine Climate Change Report Card. Science Review 2018: pp 74-98

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Fiji. Pending cabinet endorsement. Republic of Fiji: Ocean Policy Framework. Author and stakeholder coordinator H. Govan.

NFA 2017. A Roadmap for coastal fisheries and marine aquaculture for Papua New Guinea: 2017-2026. National Fisheries Authority, PNG. H. Govan, lead author and coordinator. 

Davis, R., D. Gourlie, H. Govan, J. Marshman, Q. Hanich, 2017. Legislating for A New Song: Ensuring effective and up-to-date coastal fisheries laws in the Pacific Region. SPC Fisheries Newsletter #153 - May–August 2017.

*Gourlie, D., R. Davis, H. Govan, J. Marshman, Q. Hanich, 2017. Performing “A New Song”: Suggested Considerations for Drafting Effective Coastal Fisheries Legislation Under Climate Change, Marine Policy, Available online 5 August 2017, ISSN 0308-597X,

*Bennett, N.J., Teh, L., Ota, Y., Christie, P., Ayers, A., Day, J.C., Franks, P., Gill, D., Gruby, R.L., Kittinger, J.N., Koehn, J.Z., Lewis, N., Parks, J., Vierros, M., Whitty, T.S., Wilhelm, A., Wright, K., Aburto, J.A., Finkbeiner, E.M., Gaymer, C.F., Govan, H., Gray, N., Jarvis, R.M., Kaplan-Hallam, M. & Satterfield, T. (2017). An appeal for a code of conduct for marine conservation. Marine Policy, 81, 411–418.

Govan, H. 2017, ‘Ocean Governance – Our Sea of Islands’ in Katafono, R. (ed.), A Sustainable Future for Small States: Pacific 2050, Commonwealth Secretariat, London. ISBN (paperback): 978-1-84929-163-7 / (e-book): 978-1-84859-957-4  

Orirana, G., F. Siota, P. Cohen, T. Atitete, A. Schwarz and H. Govan. 2016. Spreading community-based resource management: Testing the “lite-touch” approach in Solomon Islands. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin #37 – November 2016

Govan, H. 2016. Thoughts on the state of marine resource management, ocean planning, social justice, and equity in the Pacific Small Island Developing States. Marine Ecosystems and Management (MEAM). June 2016 (9:8)  

*Charles, A., Westlund, L., Bartley, D. M., Fletcher, W. J., Garcia, S., Govan, H., and Sanders, J. (2016) Fishing livelihoods as key to marine protected areas: insights from the World Parks Congress. Aquatic Conserv: Mar. Freshw. Ecosyst., 26: 165–184. doi: 10.1002/aqc.2648.

Govan, H., K. Tabunakawai, I. Korovulavula, A. Tawake, E. Rupeni. 2016. The sustainable management of the Coastal Fisheries and associated resources of Fiji (v4.1) Discussion draft and submission to Fiji Government for the Coastal Fisheries Policy

Govan, H. 2016. Review of Government Fisheries Resource Management Effort, Northern Division, Fiji Islands, Wildlife Conservation Society, Suva, Fiji Islands. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.21456.51200

Govan, H. 2016. Madagascar Trip Report:  Insights into networking at different scales. Trip report. 6 October - 3 November 2015.  

Hanich Q., Govan H., Andrew N., Amos M., Chapman L. 2015. Enabling government - empowering communities: National implementation of the New Song - WP2. 10th Heads of Fisheries Meeting, 7–14 March 2017, Noumea, New Caledonia. Noumea, New Caledonia: Pacific Community. 4 p.

Govan, H. 2015. Area-Based Management Tools for  Coastal Resources in Fiji, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Tonga And Vanuatu. Volume 1: Status, capacity and prospects for collaborative resource management. Volume 2: Country reports.  Report for the Marine and Coastal Biodiversity Management in Pacific Island Countries (MACBIO) project, Suva, Fiji Islands.  

FLMMA 2015. Fiji Locally Managed Marine Area Network: Working with Government towards a better Fiji - How FLMMA can assist government towards food security, conservation, disaster risk reduction and green growth. Fiji Locally Managed Marine Area Network. [H. Govan, Policy Brief coordinator/editor/drafter]. 3 Ma’afu Street, Suva, Fiji.

Govan, H., T. Maeda, D. Warakohia, T. Atitete, D. Boso, R. Masu, G. Orirana, A. Schwarz, A. Vave-Karamui. 2015. From village to village: Local approaches to promoting spread of community based resource management: Lessons from Mararo Community Based Organization, East ‘Are’are, Malaita Province, Solomon Islands. Report to IUCN Oceania Regional Office for the ADB TA 7753 IUCN Oceania Learning Component.

SPC 2015. The Noumea Strategy: A New Song for Coastal fisheries – Pathways to Change, 2015. Drafting team: I. Cartwright, P. Head, M. Amos, L. Chapman, I. Bertram, H. Govan, N. Andrew.

Govan, H. 2015  Public expenditure of Pacific Island countries and territories fisheries agencies. SPC Fisheries Newsletter #147 - May–August 2015. Pp21-22.  

Govan, H. 2015. Preliminary review of public expenditure of the Fisheries Agencies of Pacific Island Countries and Territories: Policy, operational budget and staffing support for coastal fisheries. Report  for  Secretariat  of  the  Pacific  Community,  FAME  Division.  Noumea. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4949.9363 -  

*Cohen, P., Evans, L. and Govan, H., 2015. Community-based, co-management for governing small-scale fisheries of the Pacific: A Solomon Islands’ case study. In Interactive Governance for Small-Scale Fisheries (pp. 39-59). Springer, Cham.  

*Bennett, Nathan James, Hugh Govan, and Terre Satterfield. 2015. "Ocean grabbing." Marine Policy 57: 61-68.  

*Pomeroy, R., Parks, J., Reaugh-Flower, K., Guidote, M., Govan, H., & Atkinson, S. 2015. "Status and Priority Capacity Needs for Local Compliance and Community-Supported Enforcement of Marine Resource Rules and Regulations in the Coral Triangle Region." Coastal Management 43.3: 301-328.  

*Bell, J. D., Govan, H., ... & Webb, A. (2015). Optimising the use of nearshore fish aggregating devices for food security in the Pacific Islands. Marine Policy, 56, 98-105

Park, S.E., Suri, S.K., Attwood, S.J., Govan, H., Tran, N., Beare, D., Teoh, S.J., Sulu, R., Harohau, D., Boso, D., Schwarz, A-M., Hoddy, E.T., Kaminski, A. (2014) Responding to climate change using an adaptation pathways and decision-making approach. Final project report for ADB/GEF project R-PATA 7753. WorldFish, Penang, Malaysia.   

Govan, H. 2014. The Pacific Islands and Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ). Briefing note of the Council of Regional Organisations in the Pacific members of the Marine Sector Working Group.  

Cohen, P. J., Jupiter, S. D., Weeks, R., Tawake, A., & Govan, H. 2014. Is community-based fisheries management realising multiple objectives? Examining evidence from the literature. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin #34 – December 2014. 3-12  

*Jupiter, S. D., Cohen, P. J., Weeks, R., Tawake, A., & Govan, H. (2014). Locally-managed marine areas: multiple objectives and diverse strategies. Pacific Conservation Biology, 20(2), 165-179.

Govan, H., & Bennett, G. (2014). Towards sustainable resource management in Western Province: Capacity, potential theory of change and strategies for implementation of Community-Based Resource Management (CBRM+) in Western Province, Solomon Islands. Worldfish technical report, Honiara, Solomon Islands.  

Govan, H. 2014.  Monitoring,  Control  and  Surveillance  of  Coastal  fisheries  in  Kiribati  and  Vanuatu.  Part  I:  Priorities  for  action.  Part II: Reviews.  Report  for  Secretariat  of  the  Pacific  Community,  FAME  Division.  Noumea.

Jupiter SD, Jenkins AP, Lee Long WJ, Maxwell SL, Watson JEM, Hodge KB, Govan H, Carruthers TJB. 2013. Pacific Integrated Island Management – Principles, Case Studies and Lessons Learned. Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), Apia, Samoa and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Nairobi, Kenya. 72pp.

*Jupiter, Stacy D., Aaron P. Jenkins, Warren J. Lee Long, Sean L. Maxwell, Tim JB Carruthers, Kate B. Hodge, Hugh Govan, Jerker Tamelander, and James EM Watson. 2014.  "Principles for integrated island management in the tropical Pacific." Pacific Conservation Biology 20, no. 2: 193-205.

Melanesian Spearhead Group Inshore Fisheries Working Group 2013.  Roadmap for Inshore Fisheries Management in Solomon Islands, Fiji, PNG, New Caledonia and Vanuatu. Led by Ian Cartwritght; H.Govan. L. Chapman, and I. Bertram facilitated and drafted Roadmap text with Fisheries Departments and SPC. Endorsed by leaders 2015.

Govan, H. 2013. Strategic Review of Inshore Fisheries Policies and Strategies in Melanesia: Fiji, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. Part I: General Overview. Part II: Country reports and data (with Jeff Kinch and Alexandre Brjosniovschi). Reports to the Secretariat of the Pacific Community for the Melanesian Spearhead Group, Noumea, New Caledonia.   

Govan, H. 2013. Implementation Plan and Concept Notes for the Framework for a Pacific Oceanscape regional oceans policy.  

Schwarz, A.M., Andrew, N., Govan, H., Harohau, D., Oeta, J. (2013). Solomon Islands Malaita Hub Scoping Report. CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems. Penang, Malaysia Project Report: AAS-2013-18

Govan, H., Schwarz, A.M., Harohau, D., Oeta, J., Orirana, G., Ratner, B. D. (2013). Solomon Islands: Essential aspects of governance for Aquatic Agricultural Systems in Malaita Hub. Penang, Malaysia. PR AAS-2013-19.

Govan, H., Schwarz, A.M., Harohau, D., Oeta, J. (2013) Solomon Islands National Situation Analysis. CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems. Penang, Malaysia. Project Report: AAS-2013-16.

Govan, H. 2013. Review of Guadalcanal and Central Islands Provincial Governments capacity for implementation of the NPOA: Strengthening the role of provincial level governments in Community Based Resource Management Part 1: Review. Report for SIG and PSLP under the Coral Triangle Initiative.

Govan, H. 2013. Strategy for Provincial Government implementation of the NPOA: Progressively building capacity for Community Based Resource Management +. Report for SIG and PSLP under the Coral Triangle Initiative.

Govan, H. 2013. Implementation Plan for The National Plan of Action of the Coral Triangle Initiative On Coral Reefs, Fisheries And Food Security In Solomon Islands 2013-2016. MECM / MFMR of Solomon Islands Government.

*Govan, H. And S. Jupiter. 2013. Can the IUCN 2008 Protected Areas Management Categories support Pacific island approaches to conservation? PARKS 19(1) 73-80.

Carleton, C., J. Hambrey, H. Govan and P. Medley. 2013.  Effective management of sea cucumber fisheries and the bêche-de-mer trade in Melanesia: bringing the industry under rational control. A report prepared by Nautilus Consultants on Behalf of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)

*Melick DR, Kinch JP, Govan H. 2012. How Global Biodiversity Targets Risk Becoming Counterproductive: The Case of Papua New Guinea. Conservat Soc 2012;10:344-53 

Govan, H. 2012. Fiji’s mineral wealth and the lessons of history: A blessing or a curse. Mai Life Magazine, Suva, Fiji. Pp 26-27

Govan, H., S. Jupiter and J. Comley. 2012. Recognition and Support of ICCAs in Fiji. In: Kothari, A. with Corrigan, C., Jonas, H., Neumann, A., and Shrumm, H. (eds). Recognising and Supporting Territories and Areas Conserved By Indigenous Peoples And Local Communities: Global Overview and National Case Studies. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, ICCA Consortium, Kalpavriksh, and Natural Justice, Montreal, Canada. Technical Series no. 64. 

*Hastings, J; Thomas, S; Burgener, V; Gjerde, K; Laffoley, D; Salm, R; McCook, L; Pet-Soede, L; Eichbaum, WM; Bottema, M; Hemley, G; Tanzer, J; Roberts, CM; Govan, H and Fox, HE (2012) Safeguarding the Blue Planet: Six strategies for accelerating ocean protection. The International Journal of Protected Areas and Conservation. 18(1): 13.

Hambrey, J.H., H. Govan and C. Carleton. 2012. Opportunities for the development of the Pacific islands’ mariculture sector. Report to the Secretariat of the Pacific Community by Hambrey Consulting. Noumea. ISBN: 978-982-00-0529-7.

Govan, H.; Comley, J.; Tan, W.; Guilbeaux, M.; Vave, R. 2011. Recommendations from ten years of monitoring under the LMMA network's learning framework.: Drafting Team of the LMMA Network Learning Committee. 4 pp.  

Govan et al 2011. Management guides for species important to community based managers: A compilation of priority species at sites associated with the LMMA Network (Pacific countries). Report to the LMMA Network and the SPC.

Govan, H. 2011. Good coastal management practices in the Pacific: experiences from the field. – Apia, Samoa : ICRI/SPREP, 2011. 42 p ISBN: 978-982-04-0427-4 (print) 978-982-04-0428-1 (online).

Govan, H. 2011. Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Marine and Coastal Biodiversity of the Bismarck Solomon Seas project: Assessment of effectiveness and impacts of project C - 2005/081-621 funded by the European Union and implemented by the World Wide Fund for Nature – Western Melanesia Program Office 2006-2011.  

Govan, H., A. Schwarz and D. Boso. 2011. Towards Integrated Islands Management: Lessons from Lau, Malaita, Solomon Islands, for the implementation of national approaches to resource management. Report for WorldFish Centre and SPREP 62pp.

Govan, H. 2011. How can we support communities to build on what they have for a better life? Supplementary livelihoods in the Pacific. FSPI Reports, Suva, Fiji.

Govan, H. 2011. Building on what we have for a better life: Asking the right questions to improve livelihoods. Workbook. FSPI Reports, Suva, Fiji

FLMMA, 2011. FLMMA Operations Guide - The Way We Work Together. Guidelines for members of the FLMMA Network. (H. Govan and S. Meo – compilers)

Pratt, C. and H. Govan. 2010. Our Sea of Islands, Our Livelihoods, Our Oceania. Framework for a Pacific Oceanscape: a catalyst for implementation of ocean policy. (Includes the policy). SPREP, Apia, Samoa.

Pacific Islands Forum Leaders. 2010. Framework for a Pacific Oceanscape. Forum Communique. Annex D. Endorsed at 41st Pacific Islands Forum Port Vila, Vanuatu 4 - 5 August 2010. Developed by Pratt, C. and H. Govan and reviewed by CROP Marine Sector Working Group.

Govan, H. (Editor) 2010. Governance & Management issues of Marine Managed Areas: Report on Workshop Theme 1. Conférence régionale Pacifique des Aires Marines, 15-19 November 2009, Moorea, French Polynesia.

Govan, H. 2010. Information needs of Pacific coastal resource managers: The implications for research and monitoring. Discussion paper of the LMMA Network. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.34331.67360  

MECM/MFMR 2009. Solomon Islands National Plan of Action - Coral Triangle Initiative on coral reefs, fisheries and food security. SIG, Honiara, Solomon Islands. Compiler and facilitator: H. Govan.

Govan, H. 2009. Tapping the potential of coastal communities for improving livelihoods and conservation. In: M. Wolff and M. Gardener (eds.), Proceedings of the 2009 Galapagos Science Symposium, Charles Darwin Foundation, Puerto Ayora, Galapagos, Ecuador. Pp 43-44.

Govan, H. 2009. Achieving the potential of locally managed marine areas in the South Pacific. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin #25 – July 2009, pp16-25. 

Govan, H. 2009. Chapter 6.2: Approaches for coastal planning and resource management. People, participation and the tropical scientist. pp 172-196 In Tropical waters and their living resources: their ecology, assessment and management. M. Wolff (ed.), Verlag H.M. Hauschild GmbH, Bremen, Germany.  

Govan, H., Alifereti Tawake, Kesaia Tabunakawai, Aaron Jenkins, Antoine Lasgorceix, Erika Techera, Hugo Tafea, Jeff Kinch, Jess Feehely, Pulea Ifopo, Roy Hills, Semese Alefaio, Semisi Meo, Shauna Troniak, Siola’a Malimali, Sylvia George, Talavou Tauaefa, Tevi Obed. 2009.  Community Conserved Areas: A review of status & needs in Melanesia and Polynesia. ICCA regional review for CENESTA /TILCEPA /TGER /IUCN/ GEF-SGP.  

Govan, H., Tawake, A., Tabunakawai, K., Jenkins, A.,Lasgorceix, A., Schwarz, A.-M., Aalbersberg, B., Manele,B., Vieux, C., Notere, D., Afzal, D., Techera, E.,Rasalato, E. T., Sykes, H., Walton, H., Tafea, H.,Korovulavula, I., Comley, J., Kinch, J., Feehely, J., Petit,J., Heaps, L., Anderson, P., Cohen, P., Ifopo, P., Vave,R., Hills, R., Tawakelevu, S., Alefaio, S., Meo, S.,Troniak, S., Malimali, S., Kukuian, S., George, S.,Tauaefa, T. and Obed, T. 2009. Status and potential of locally-managed marine areas in the Pacific Island Region: meeting nature conservation and sustainable livelihood targets through wide-spread implementation of LMMAs. SPREP/WWF/WFC-Reefbase/CRISP. 80pp + 5 annexes. SPREP, Apia, Samoa. ISBN: 978-982-04-0402-1 (last edition

Govan, H., P. Cohen, C. Vieux, A. Tewfik, M.K. Tan, S.L. Tan, M.J. Radius, L.H. Teh and S.Abdullah, 2009. Map: Marine Managed Areas in the Pacific. SPREP, WWF and WorldFish Center.

Govan, H., A. Tawake, I. Korovulavula and S. Tawakelevu. 2009. Summary analysis of site support costs for Fiji Locally Managed Marine Area (FLMMA) - Institute of Applied Sciences (USP) sites. IAS Technical Report. 2009/02. June 2009. University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji.

Govan, H. 2008. Overview: Reclaiming “Protected Areas” as a Livelihood Tool for Pacific Island People in: Cohen, P., A.D. Valemei and H. Govan. 2008. Annotated Bibliography on Socio-economic and Ecological Impacts of Marine Protected Areas in Pacific Island Countries. WorldFish Bibliography No. 1870. The WorldFish Center, Penang, Malaysia.  36 pp.

Cohen, P., A.D. Valemei and H. Govan. 2008. Annotated Bibliography on Socio-economic and Ecological Impacts of Marine Protected Areas in Pacific Island Countries. WorldFish Bibliography No. 1870. The WorldFish Center, Penang, Malaysia.  36 pp.

Govan, H. Tawake, A. and Tabunakawai, K. 2008. South Pacific’s potential to enhance livelihoods and meet international obligations. ECO. Vol 20, Issue 2, Feb 13, 2008. Available on the internet at

*Govan, H.,  E. Austin-Delaney, S. Wale, H. Tafea, S. Alefaio, S. Rena Gereva, T. Maltali, F. Robinson, F. Nainoca and Z. Khan. 2008. What Marine Education Does The South Pacific Really Need? IPMEC: Keynote Address. Current - The Journal of Marine Education. Volume 24 • Number 2. 34-39.

Govan, H., Aalbersberg, W., Tawake, A., and Parks, J. 2008. Locally-Managed Marine Areas: A guide to supporting Community-Based Adaptive Management. The Locally-Managed Marine Area Network English / French

Gillett R., Preston G., Nash W., Govan H., Adams T., Lam M. 2008. Livelihood diversification as a marine resource management tool in the Pacific islands: Lessons learned. SPC Fisheries Newsletter 125:32-39.

Fedder, B. and H. Govan. 2007. Assessment of Global Marine Biodiversity Indicators for the Global Environment Facility Resource Allocation Framework (GEF RAF). A summary of findings – Report for Foundation of the Peoples of the South pacific International, Suva Fiji.

Govan, H. 2007. People and Reefs in the Pacific – People and Livelihoods in: Cohen, P., A.D. Valemei and H. Govan, 2008. Annotated Bibliography on Socio-economic and Ecological Impacts of Marine Protected Areas in Pacific Island Countries. WorldFish Bibliography No. 187. The WorldFish Center Penang.

*Govan, H. Tawake, A. and Tabunakawai, K. 2006. Community-based marine resource management in the South Pacific. PARKS Vol 16 No 1, 21-27. 63-67.

*Solís Rivera, V. Madrigal Cordero, P. Fonseca Borrás, M. Govan H. and Varela, V.  2006. Community conservation areas in Central America: recognising them for equity and good governance.  PARKS Vol 16 No 1, 21-27.

Govan, H., S. Wale, H. Tafea, P. Ramohia, E. Austin-Delaney, S. Rena Gereva, T. Maltali, T. Betero, S. Alefaio, F. Robinson and W. Sivoi. 2005. “Working with communities to improve coastal livelihoods:  Solomon Islands, Fiji, Tuvalu, Vanuatu and Kiribati”, paper presented at IMPAC meeting, Geelong, October 2005.

Govan, H. 2005. Voices - A New Era Or Missed Opportunity?: Public Participation And The Pacific Plan. Pacific Magazine, November. (

Govan, H. 2004. Netting ideas for fisheries management in the South Pacific. Islands business magazine, April 2004. 2pp

Govan, H. 2003. Co-management of natural resources in Central America: The road to “equitable distribution of the benefits of biodiversity” or another empty discourse of the technical elite? Prepared as a contribution to the EPP Initiative: LESSONS LEARNED IN COMMUNITY-BASED MANAGEMENT AND CO-MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND PROTECTED AREAS: focus on coastal and marine resources and Indigenous People’s communities in Central America and the Caribbean.

Govan H. and J.B. Hambrey. 2002. Participatory Integrated Coastal Zone Management: The Way Forward? InterCoast – International Newsletter of Coastal Management. Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island. Fall 2002. pp 20-23.

National Geographic/Center for Support of Native Lands. 2002.  Map of Indigenous Peoples and Natural Ecosystems in Central America and Southern Mexico.  National Geographic Society, Washington DC.

Gonzáles, M., Marta Villegas, Hugh Govan, Leonora Cordoba, Victor Atencio. Aprendamos a usar las leyes en nuestra comunidad: Discusión y análisis participativo sobre algunos problemas legales en los Territorios Indígenas Ngäbe de Alto Laguna de Osa y Coto Brus. 2002. Fundacion TUVA/ACT. ISBN 9968-9986-1-3 [Guide to Costa Rican legislation for indigenous peoples]

Loria, Rocio, J.E Solano, Rosaura Barrantes, Lourdes Morales, Hugh Govan. 2002. La artesanía Ngäbe en Costa Rica: Viabilidad productiva, socio-cultural, ecológica y de mercado.  Fundacion TUVA/ACT. [Market study for Ngäbe arts and crafts]

Govan, H. 2001. Asking the fishermen: Prospects for participatory management of Danube sturgeon. Policy Matters, Newsletter of the IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy, no. 8, 19-21.

Borrini-Feyerabend, G., M.T Farvar,  V. Solis and H. Govan. 2001. Manejo conjunto de los recursos naturales. GTZ y IUCN. Kasparek Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany.

Govan, H. 2000. Building on local culture for natural resource management in the Pacific. CM News No. 4. IUCN. Page 19

Govan, H. et al. 2000. Community monitoring of Leatherback turtle nesting on the Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica, 1999-2000. Final report to the U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service.

Govan, H., B. Hoffman, and E. Sztein, with L. Madrigal, M. Plotkin, V. van Roosmalen, and G. Zuluaga. 2000. Biodiversity, Biotechnology, And Indigenous People:  A Position Paper.  Amazon Conservation Team for Rockefeller Foundation. 80pp.

Govan, H. 1999. Empowering local communities to reverse the decline of coral reef ecosystems in Fiji. Foundation of the Peoples of the South Pacific, Fiji, Suva.

Govan, H. 1999b. Process timetable and workshop contents: Community-based management of coral reefs. Foundation of the Peoples of the South Pacific, Fiji, Suva. 10pp

Govan, H. & H. Hartmann (eds.) 1999.  Memoria de la cuarta reunión de la red ALFA-COSTA, San Jose, Costa Rica. 30pp.

Nabhan, G., H. Govan, S.A. Eckert & J.A. Seminoff. 1999. Sea Turtle Workshop for the Indigenous Seri Tribe. Marine Turtle Newsletter 86:14.

Govan, H. 1998. Community turtle conservation at Río Oro on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Marine Turtle Newsletter 80: 10-11.

Govan, H., A. Inglis, J. Pretty, M. Harrison, and A. Wightman. 1998. Best practice in community participation for National Parks in Scotland. Review #107. Scottish Natural Heritage, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Govan, H., S. Guy, A. Inglis & A. Wightman. 1997. Area Sustainability Strategies Project: Participatory Strategy and Training Plan. Scottish Natural Heritage, Inverness, Scotland.

Govan, H. 1997. Building on local culture for development. in Environment and development in the Pacific. Burt, B. and C. Clerk (eds.) Earthscan/Blackwell Academic Publishers.

Govan, H.  (ed.) 1997.  Memoria de la tercera reunión de la red ALFA-COSTA, Leon, Nicaragua. 81pp.

*Inglis, A., H. Govan and S. Guy. 1997. Local voices to the surface: participatory Coastal Zone Management in the Solway Firth.  PLA Notes 30.

Nautilus Consultants 1997.  Status of the Scottish Shellfish Farming Industry.

Nautilus Consultants 1996.  Status of the Guernsey fishing Industry and prospects for the future. Consultancy report.

Nautilus Consultants 1996.  Draft Issues Report.  Solway Firth Partnership, Dumfries.

Govan, H.  (ed.) 1996.  Solway Firth Information Review: Status and background for the management plan.  Scottish Natural Heritage, Dumfries, 300pp.

Govan, H.  (ed.) 1996.  Memoria de la primera reunión de la red ALFA-COSTA, La Rochelle, France. 100pp.

Govan, H. 1995. Prospects for the biological control of predators of cultivated giant clams.

Govan, H. and J.H. Hambrey. 1995. Integrated Coastal Zone Management - Participatory management: the way forward? Nautilus technical reports. 6. 10pp.

Govan, H. and Rio Oro Community.  1996.  Plan de Manejo.  [Draft community management plan presented to the Ministry of the Environment, Costa Rica.  In Spanish].  50pp.

Govan, H. 1996. El recurso de tortugas marinas en Río Oro, Península de Osa.  Informe a ADECORO y el Ministerio del Ambiente.  40 páginas.

Govan, H. 1996. Traditional Tari fishing on NW Guadalcanal. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin #6 January.

Govan, H. 1995. Incorporation of participatory research into a coastal aquaculture research programme. Paper presented at a workshop "Potential for process monitoring in project management and organizational change". ODI/CDS, London.

Govan, H. 1995. Traditional Tari fishing on NW Guadalcanal. Traditional marine resource management and knowledge, SPC Information Bulletin.

Govan, H. 1995. Cymatium muricinum and other ranellid gastropods: major predators of maricultured tridacnid clams. ICLARM Technical Report 49.

*Govan, H. 1994. Predators of maricultured tridacnid clams. 7th International Coral Reef Symposium, Guam, June 1992. 2: 749-753.

Govan, H. 1994. Sewage pollution: the Firth of Forth and the wider scenario. Script, Edinburgh Film Workshop.

Govan, H. 1994. Medio Ambiente Márino: Plan de estudios para la escuela taller de medio ambiente, Estepona. [curriculum on marine environmental studies for the Estepona Youth Training Scheme and Workshop, Spain].

Hambrey, J., C. Carlton and H.Govan. 1994. Local Fisheries Management: A review of international experience, its application to Scotland and its implications for the natural heritage. Nautilus Consultants Report.

Govan, H. 1993. Participatory research in giant clam farming. Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly, January, p8-10.  

Govan, H., L.Y. Fabro and E. Ropeti. 1993. Controlling predators of giant clams. In Fitt W.K. (Ed.), Biology and mariculture of giant clams. ACIAR Proceedings 7: 111-118.

Govan, H. 1993. Flying fish season (Tauika) in Bellona. Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly, January, p6-7.  

Munro, J.L., H. Govan, M.H. Gervis, I. Lane, and J.B. Hambrey. 1993. Giant clam cultivation in the South Pacific: Present status and future prospects. World Aquaculture '93, Torremolinos, Malaga, Spain, May 26-28. Abstract.

Govan, H. 1992. Some Solomon Island language names of tridacnid clams. Clamlines, Newsletter of the Giant Clam Research Group, 11: 11-12.

Govan, H. 1992. Predators and predator control. In: Calumpong, H. (ed.). Ocean-nursery culture of giant clams. ACIAR Monograph 16: 41-50.

Govan, H. 1992. Inadvertent introductions of pyramidellid parasites. Clamlines, Newsletter of the Giant Clam Research Group, 11: 7-8.

Govan, H. 1992. Giant clams and the animals that kill them. Colour poster. ICLARM, Manila, Philippines.

Govan, H. 1992. Cerithiids clean up killer clams. Clamlines, Newsletter of the Giant Clam Research Group, 10: 21-22.

Govan, H. 1992. A low-cost ocean-nursery cage for juvenile tridacnid clams. Clamlines, Newsletter of the Giant Clam Research Group, 10: 2-13.

*Newman, L.J., L.R.G. Cannon and H. Govan. 1992. Stylochus (Imogene) matatasi new species, a pest of maricultured tridacnid clams and other bivalves. Hydrobiologia 257: 185-189.

Govan, H. 1992. Shell-boring organisms affecting cultured tridacnids. ICLARM/AIDAB International Collaborative Study of the Predators of Cultured Tridacnid Clams. Report #7.

Govan, H. 1992. Pyramidellid parasites of tridacnid clams. ICLARM/AIDAB International Collaborative Study of the Predators of Cultured Tridacnid Clams. Report #6.

Govan, H. 1992. Predation of cultured tridacnids by four species of Cymatium: I. Taxonomy, distribution and abundance. II. Feeding behaviour and preferences of Cymatium spp. III. Growth and consumption rates of Cymatium spp. IV. Settlement in ocean-nurseries of Cymatium spp. ICLARM/AIDAB International Collaborative Study of the Predators of Cultured Tridacnid Clams. Reports #1-4.

Govan, H. 1992. Muricodrupa fiscella and other muricid gastropods, predators of giant clams. ICLARM/AIDAB International Collaborative Study of the Predators of Cultured Tridacnid Clams. Report #5.

Govan, H. 1992. Impact of turbellarian flatworms on tridacnid culture. ICLARM/AIDAB International Collaborative Study of the Predators of Cultured Tridacnid Clams. Report #8.

Govan, H. 1992. Impact of scavengers on clam production. ICLARM/AIDAB International Collaborative Study of the Predators of Cultured Tridacnid Clams. Report #9.

Govan, H. 1992. Biological control of clam predators. ICLARM/AIDAB International Collaborative Study of the Predators of Cultured Tridacnid Clams. Report #10.

Newman, L.J., L.R.G. Cannon and H. Govan. 1991. Clam killers: turbellarian predators or scavengers? Australian Marine Sciences Association Meeting, Brisbane, July 1991. Abstract.

Govan, H. 1990. Effects of stocking density on giant clams in ocean-nurseries. Clamlines, Newsletter of the Giant Clam Research Group, 8: 1-3.

Govan, H. 1989. Vernacular names of tridacnid clams in the Pacific region. Aquabyte, 2(1): 5-7.

Govan, H., P.V. Nichols and H. Tafea. 1988. Giant clam resource investigations in Solomon Islands. In Copland, J.W., and Lucas, J.S. Giant clams in Asia and the Pacific. ACIAR Monograph No. 9: 54-57.

Govan, H. 1988. Sea transport of Tridacna gigas broodstock in Solomon Islands. In Copland, J.W., and Lucas, J.S. Giant clams in Asia and the Pacific. ACIAR Monograph No. 9: 173-175.

Govan, H. 1988. Giant clam resource investigations in Solomon Islands. Paper presented at the SPC Workshop on Pacific Inshore Fishery Resources, Noumea, New Caledonia, 14-25 March 1988. BP 70.

Haynes, A. and H. Govan. Submitted. Pyramidellid parasites of cultured tridacnid clams. Asian Fisheries Science.

Govan, H. 1990. Predators of juvenile tridacnids (Tridacna gigas). ICLARM Coastal Aquaculture Centre Report, 9001. 55pp.

Govan, H. 1989. Western Province Report: Field station survey and clam stock appraisal. ICLARM C.A.C. Report. 12 pp.

Govan, H. 1988. Observation and collection of Tridacna gigas broodstock from the Marovo Lagoon for the ICLARM Coastal Aquaculture Centre. ICLARM Coastal Aquaculture Centre Report 8801. 9pp.

Govan, H. 1987. Observations on giant clams  in the Marau Sound. ICLARM Coastal Aquaculture Centre Report 8702. 4pp.

Govan, H. 1987. Collection and transport of Tridacna gigas broodstock from Furona, Santa Isabel, to the ICLARM Coastal Aquaculture Centre, Aruligo. ICLARM Coastal Aquaculture Centre Report 8701. 5pp.

Govan, H. 1986. The Use of Polycyclic Aromatic Sulphur Heterocycles (PASH) as Indicators of Oil Pollution in the common Mussel (Mytilus edulis L.) - Firth of Forth, Edinburgh, Scotland. B.Sc. Hons Thesis, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.10463.18085